Francisco Albo

Francisco Albo

Botswain and navigator from the island of Rhodes. Originally botswain of the Trinidad in Ferdinand Magellan's expedition, he then became pilot of the Victoria under the command of Sebastian de Elcano.

29 November 1519

Martes, a 29 días del mes de noviembre, comencé a tomar la altura del Sol, yendo en demanda del dicho viaje y estando en el

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30 November 1519

Miércoles, 30 del dicho [mes], tomé [la altura de] el Sol en 76o y tenía de declinación 22o 59’, y la altura de polo [latitud,

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1 December 1519

A primero día del mes de diciembre, jueves, tuvo el Sol 78o de altura meridiana y 23o 4’ de declinación, y nuestro apartamiento [de la

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2 December 1519

Viernes, a 2 del dicho, tomé el Sol en 80o escasos, y tenía de declinación 23o 9’. Fue la altura 13o justos, y el camino

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3 December 1519

Saturday 3 of the same month, I measured the Sun at 82o 25’, with a declination of 23o 13’, and our distance 14o 58’, and the course was

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4 December 1519

Sunday 4 of said month, the Sun’s height was 83o and its declination 23o 17’, and our distance 16o 17’, and the course South-Southwest.

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5 December 1519

Monday 5 of said month, I measured the Sun at 84o, which had a declination of 23o 21’, and our distance for the South 17o 13’, and

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6 December 1519

Tuesday 6 of said month, the Sun’s meridian height was 85o and its declination 23o 25’, this being the South Pole’s height [not the South Pole, but from

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7 December 1519

Wednesday 7 of said month, I measured the Sun at 85o 30’, with a declination of 23o 27’, and our distance from the line [equinox, equator] 18o 57’, and the

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8 December 1519

Thursday 8 of said month, I measured the Sun at 86o 30’, with a declination of 23o 29’, our height thus being 19o 59’, and the course was

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9 December 1519

Friday 9 of said month, I measured the sun at 88o with a declination of 23o 31’, and our distance from the Equinox Line for the Southern

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27 December 1519

(…) and we remained until Saint John’s Day, the 27 of said month of December. We left this same day, (…)

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31 December 1519

(…) went to the Bay of Los Reyes, which has a good entry, and at this site, the 31 of said month, I measured the

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1 January 1520

Sunday, first day of the month of January of 1520, I measured the Sun at 84o 40’, with a declination of 21o 58’, our distance to the

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4 January 1520

Wednesday 4 of said month, I measured the Sun at 84o with a declination of 21o 29’, the pole’s elevation being [meridian, southern latitude under the equator] 27o 29’, and

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5 January 1520

Thursday 5 of said month, the Sun was 81o 30’ in elevation with a declination of 21o 19’, our distance from the line [equator] being 29o 49’, and the course

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6 January 1520

The 6th day of said month, Kings’ Day, the Sun was at 80o, with a declination of 21o 8’, and the pole’s elevation 31o, and the

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7 January 1520

Saturday 7 of said month, I measured the Sun at 78o, with a declination of 20o 56’, and our parallel at 32o 56’. Our course was Southwest

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8 January 1520

The 8 of said month, I did not measure the Sun, but we went Southwest and a quarter league to the South, and at night

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9 January 1520

(…) and we raised anchor and left 9 of said month, to West-Southwest, and in the morning we dropped anchor and found 15 fathoms, and continued

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10 January 1520

Tuesday 10 of said month, I measured the Sun at 75o, with a declination of 20o, our elevation being 35o and we were aligned with Cape

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2 February 1520

(…) until we sighted Monte Vidi, and this was the 2nd day of the month of February, day of Our Lady of La Candelaria, and at

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3 February 1520

(…) and then, the morning of the 3rd day of said month, we sailed back South. We dropped anchor and found 4 fathoms, and 5 and

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4 February 1520

Saturday 4 day of said month of February, we dropped anchor at 7 fathoms, to take water for the ship San António, (…)

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5 February 1520

(…) and we were there until the 5 of said month, and then we raised [anchor] the 6, and returned to the South, and at night we dropped

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7 February 1520

The 7 of said month, we sailed for better reconnaissance of the land, and saw it went South and a quarter league to the Southeast.

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8 February 1520

The 8th day of said month we set sail away from said point, to the North-South with Monte Vidi, 27 leagues from it. This coast runs

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9 February 1520

Thursday 9 of said month, I measured the Sun at 63o 1⁄4, with a declination of 11o 1⁄2, the pole’s elevation being 38o 30’, and the coast

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10 February 1520

The 10th of said month, I measured the Sun at 62o 1/3 with a declination of 11o 8’, our distance being 38o 48’ and the coast running East-West,

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