When the commanding general of the Fil-American forces surrendered, he ordered his subordinate generals in the Visayas and Mindanao to lay down their arms. Guarded by Japanese gendarmes, and probably prodded by them, General Wainwright read a radio message filled with pathetic sadness. With tears, listeners accepted the General’s announcement that the war had ended and, together with it, the American sovereignty in the Philippines. There isn’t the remotest idea as to how long this condition would last. It could be two years, or twelve.