16 March 1521

1. On the 16th of March (1521) as they sailed in a westerly course from the Ladrones, they saw land towards the northwest; but owing to many shallow places they did not approach it. They found later that its name was Yunagan.

2. They went instead that same day southwards to another small island named Suluan, and there they anchored. There they saw some canoes but these fled at the Spaniards’s approach. This island was at 9 and two-thirds degrees North latitude.

A los 16 del dicho vimos tierra y fuimos a ella al Noroeste, y vimos que salía la tierra al Norte, y había en ella muchos bajíos y tomamos otro bordo del Sur, y fuimos a dar en otra isla pequeña y allí surgimos, y esto fue el mismo día, y esta isla se llama Suluan, y la primera se llama Yunagan. Aquí vimos unas canoas y fuimos a ellas, y ellas huyeron, y esta isla está en 9o 2/3 de la parte del Norte, y están en longitud de la línea meridiana 189o hasta estas primeras islas del Archipiélago de San Lázaro [Filipinas].

Ítem, del estrecho de Todos Santos [Magallanes] y Cabo Hermoso hasta las dichas islas habrá de longitud 106o 30’, el cual estrecho está con las dichas islas en derrota [dirección] de este camino, al Oesnoroeste – Estesudeste vais a dar en ellas justamente, y de aquí fuimos a nuestro camino, describiendo todavía.

16th (March) we saw land [Yunagan], and went towards it to the N.W., and we saw that the land trended north, and that there were many shoals near it, and we took another tack to the south, and we fell in with another small island, and there we anchored: and this was the same day, and this island is called Suluano [Suluan], and the first one is named Yunuguan; and here we saw some canoes, and we went to them, and they fled; and this island is in 9⅔°N. latitude and in 189° longitude from the meridian. To these first islands, from the archipelago of St. Lazarus … [Filipinas].

Ytem. From the Strait of All Saints [Magellan] and Cape Fermoso to these two islands, there will be 106° 30′ longitude, which strait is with these islands in a straight course W.N.W. and E.S.E., which brings you straight to them. From here we went on our course.

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