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June 15, 1904 (Wednesday)

Left camp at 7:50 A. M. Crossed the Tagulaya River at camp; also 2 small creeks in areas of timber and hemp plantation, finally taking a trail through an evenly sloping cogonal on the left side of the Tagulaya River,
following a deep indenture of the cogonal zone to its apex, where the aneroid read at 9:45 A. M. 1030 ft. Descending a steep hill we again came to a branch of the Tagulaya River where the aneroid read 930 at 9:55 A. M.

The Raincrow, Wood Swallow, little red-spotted Paraquet, Cockatoo, Crow; Red-billed Frogmouth, Cogon Warbler, White-headed Chat, Brahman Kite and Torcas were with us to the apex of the cogon belt. Gathered 3 species of land snails (dead) in the forest near sea level. Shot a Paraquet at 650 ft. The river here is swift and rocky. Red-bellied “Barbet,” Monkey. On the stream Bah’-he (Viscaya); Bohl-lá (Bogobo) “Fish-tail Palm” (Majgale) common; Green-stemmed Palm or Betel-nut, Boong-ga Viscayan.

Mah-mahn-Bogobo (Bogobo)

Come here friend Ah-de-kah’-loó-gee (Bogobo)

Red=spotted Paraquet Thomáh-see-see.

The cogon through which we passed averaged shoulder high, higher near the sea than at higher altitude. Flower stalks 6—10 ft. Bogobos say 1 hour to next Bogobo village from this river. Left crossing of Tagulaya River at 11 A. M. Up short, steep hill, then fields of corn and rice, then a small forest of bamboo, more fields of corn, rice, etc., but no cocoanuts. Met the Datto, who escorted us to his casa, well raised from the ground. Room 30×50 feet with a big landing outside, and elevated passage to water-closet with double hand-rails 50 yards. Chew betel-nut. In a loft the gods live. Their gods are both man and women gods. Man-da=wrahug’-un is the bad god who destroys. Dee-wat’-ah is their good god. 6 gongs different sizes. A raised platform at one end 8×30 ft. for guests to sleep on, but best beds are a plank with three bamboos on either side, bound together with rattan. Brass betel-nut boxes. Datto carried a spear. Gemmie wony earrings 3 ½ inches in diameter round discs. Dogs, chickens. Carabao, Ponies, sacks of rice, earthen ollas, Potatoes and baskets of many sorts. Two very large gongs besides 6 of grades sizes. Cinch. Weaving outfit for hemp cloth. Datto clad in jacket and knee-breeches of hemp homespun cloth, elaborately beaded at border and shoulders. Haversacks handsomely beaded. Many children. 4 women, all clean and handsome. Cat. Fireplace 5/9 ft. Women clad in short skirts and red waist, earrings strings of beads, anklets. Women rather stout with handsome legs and feet and splendid chest development. Datto carries a knife in rattan, metal-ornamented scabbard, handle ornamented with hand-wrought copper. Carries a rattan basket containing betel-nut brass box, etc. Women have rings of beads and metal both at ankle and between thickest part of calf and knee. Datto’s lime is carried in a handsomely engraved bamboo, 1¼ in. in diameter, 16 in. long, lightly banded with brass and rattan. Haarem at one end of main living room. Retainers summoned by beating the largest gong. Altar ornamented with curiously frayed
bamboo cogon and leaves fantastically clipped, woven and bunched. They make a cosy and pretty retreat in the attic for their shy gods to hide in. Several strings of cowry shells are used in it. Datto hes 4 wives. Arrived at Datto’s house at 12 M. and prepared lunch at family hearth. Aneroid 1550. Black horsehair (tail) in bulk. Drum of bark sides and pigskin ends. Name Tahm-bu’l. Small saddle-pad. Swinging shelf growing with a wealth of gongs of brass (Chino, like the ivory ear-rings. I notice that the Datto wears a small crooked knife in sheath and beaded head dress. Household utensils are mostly neatly strung to bamboo rafters in an orderly fashion. Some of their cloth is rather pretty, Datto Ali Tooncahling is the most powerful head Datto of Mt. Apo, having 400 men at his command, the larger part, however, under other Dattos (recently made captains by Gov. Bolton). He claims 50 ahguns, 10 horses, 100 large plates and 50 small ones.

Governor Bolton and I hunted 3 hours and got caught in heavy rains. We got:

1 White-headed Hornbill

2 Phylloscopes (Abrornis}

1 Red-bellied Sunbird

13510 and 13511 taken at 1600 and 2000 ft. respectively.
2 Brown-breasted Thrush

2 Saffron headed Raincrows

1 Torcasa

13504 White-headed Hornbill, male adult, 1750 ft.

13505 Saffron headed Raincrow ” ” 2000 “
13506 ” ” ” ” ” ” “
13507 Red-bellied Sunbird ” ” 1750 “
13508 Phylloscopes Alcoholic ” ” 1600 “

13509 ” “

18410 Brown-headed Thrush adult

13411 ” ” ” “

Of the last two the head, feet and wing were preserved in alcohol. Altitude of all these 2000 ft. Saw Hairy-backs at 2000 feet.