Tuesday, 13 February 1565

Till 9 in the morning the ship had run 15 leagues. At this time, we saw land from the prow about 9 leagues away. From the sea there seem to be 4 or 5 islets like keys and the islet that is at the southwestern part is the smaller one and the one at the northwestern the bigger one. It seems that at this key northwest there is a white mancha, a sunspot which whitens the high seas around 3 or 4 leagues… and entering between this islet which looks like a sun spot and the one at the band northwest, you will see the turn west. There is a tierra firme a highland mass which is plainat the top. From this bay to the island behind which is named Ladrones, that by my days’ runs, which I had estimated, were 286 leagues; and from this bay to the port of Navidad according to the estimate of the days’ runs I had made through my imagination and some of them by the use of escuadras, there were 2,024 leagues. I also measured the sun on this bay at 12 degrees by the declinacion made at the Mexican meridian at 12 1/6 leagues.

The armada was here nine days and many paraos came with the principales from this bay: Dumana, Señor of Pangutan; Maluco, Señor of Sabacon; Linbaga, Señor of Magar; Maga Bilens, Señor of Zabulo; Jaluca, señor of Caguatan; and another Señor of Calayon. Others from around this island also came. Some wore gold earrings and others wore hoops of gold around their necks and on their arms. These natives had daggers; they brought small lances like dardos with iron tips, a palm and a half breadth in size and some shields of one braza and two palms width. All these natives were dressed most ornately from head to foot. It is one of the Islas Filipinas. In this Island there are many hogs, and much rice. There is abundant woodland. And from this bay, the armada set sail at the turn of south southwest to go down to the island at the south.

The whole armada anchored in the bay and Indios came and the principal of the town which is on this bay, named Señor Colocol who is the principal of Balaniga.

And another principal, Señor Urra also came, a relative of Tandaya, Señor Mugumba. This principal has his town at the eastern part of this bay where the armada is anchored. At the turn west, the Indios say that 3 or 4 leagues away, the town of Tandaya is located.

… And from this land which is at the southwest, from here, you will see another land at south by southwest where there is a bay. Here we saw many people. And all of this land is plain and has many palms. And also there is the town named Abuyo which has a river of fresh water where the bateles can enter. All of this bay has a clean bottom of sand and hasan anchorage of 12 to 15 brazas. Here we were on the batel of the flagship with the frigate. Captain Martin de Goiti had been ordered by the Governor to reconnoiter that entire coast. Here we saw the principal of Abuyo and he had a blood compact with Captain Martin de Goiti as a sign of friendship a pact which the natives hardly abide by. Despite their supposedly being friends, one day they came from a league and a half away and wounded a boy of the said Martin de Goiti. And when the captain and the people with him, returned to where these Indios were, they were gone. And as they had fled we went our way.

From the land that is south by southwest you will see another land that is at the turn southwest about 6 leagues and here there is a bay and there are two islets. From these two islets runs the coast at the turn south and above these two islets there are three headlands. On top of this promontory there is a highland from which there are plains extending towards the sea. All of them are inhabited by many people; and there are many farms. This coast north-south is about 8 1/2 leagues long and in the middle of this coast there is a bay and on this bay, a town named Cabalian where the principal Maletic and his son Camutrian live. On this bay there is a strait where one can pass to go to Massawa on which the currents are strong. Here, in this town of Cabalian which is on the bay north-south, the armada was anchored 4 or 5 days. From this town of Cabalian, at the turn southwest, you will see an island called Panay. Between this island of Panay and Cabalian there is a passage leading to Massawa. The principal of this town Cabalian is named Polangui. From this town of Cabalian, our armada sailed the turn south around the island of Panay. And at the southern part of this island of Panay, the coast turns northwest and at that point there is a bay where the strait which is between Cabalian and Panay is located.

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